• West Bengal
  • Last Updated

‘4 Nos’ of South Korea

Our world has always been a patriarchal society that is struggling to be equivalent. It would be wrong to say that there has been no progress at all; there has been quite a lot of development than the earlier times. But deep-down women are still struggling to achieve equality and break-free from patriarchal norms. South Korean women are joining hands and vowing never to date, wed, have sex or even have children. There, independent women like Ms. Bonnie Lee, who is a forty-something professional living in Seoul with her dog believes as a woman there are more disadvantages than advantages to being married. South Korea has been going through a radical feminist movement called '4B' or the 'Four Nos: no dating, no sex, no marriage, and no child-rearing."

Lee says that she is a straight woman who is no longer interested in having relationships with men and women can feel her. In South Korea, number of women joining the 4B movement is growing every day and with that, the number of marriages is reducing in South Korea. Lee explains that a woman's work experience, previous life, education have no value in the marriage market. No matter how progressive we claim to be; at the end of the day, women are expected to take care of their husbands, in-laws and children. According to a survey about a decade ago in South Korea, about 47% single and unmarried women thought marriage was necessary but the percentage fell to 22.4 percent last year. In 1996 the number of couples who got married was 434,900 but that has gone down to 257,600. South Korea's spycam porn epidemic is the main reason behind this epic movement. Mostly women fell prey to this porn epidemic, and not to forget all the cases unraveled during the #MeToo movement. 

Another citizen of South Korea Ms. Yoon Ji-hye, who is a YouTuber feels that South Korean women are expected to be passive, childlike, attractive, bubbly and desirable. She used to spend hours mastering make-up techniques watching YouTube videos and spend chunks of money on beauty products. But now she has completely embraced the 'Escape the Corset', sporting short hair, going bare-faced, thereby shunning the country's booming beauty industry. Yoon Ji further shared that her former partner preferred ger with long hair and was not quite a fan of her feminist mindset. In 2018 South Korea's fertility rate dropped to 0.98, where 2.1 is required to keep a population stable. There have been predictions that South Korea's 55 million population will drop to 39 million by 2067. The government at this point has become so desperate that they are trying to promote marriage in the nation by offering the newlyweds housing benefits and cheap mortgages. If this goes on then South Korea is fast approaching a demographic disaster      

You can share this post!